Information Source: National Fire Protection Association

Fire Escape Map

Does your family have a fire escape plan if your home is on fire? Many people make poor decisions when fire breaks out. They may be affected by smoke, disoriented by being awakened abruptly, and frightened. If you and your family have planned your escape and practiced the plan, you'll be better prepared to make wise choices that lead to a safe and successful escape.

Draw a Floor Plan of Your Home

Be thorough, include windows, doors, outdoor features and possible obstacles in your drawing. Know at least two ways out of each room.

Learn Your Escape Routes and Keep Them Clear

Walk through the primary and alternative escape routes, making sure all exits are accessible to all members of your household. Be sure that windows in your home are not painted shut or blocked, and do not have a screwed-on screen or storm window that can't be opened from the inside. Have your children practice opening the windows.

What To Do When You've Escaped

Go to a Meeting Place

Choose a spot away from the building where all members of the household will meet after they've escaped from a fire. Mark the meeting place on your floor plan.

Get Out and Stay Out

During a real fire, do not go back into your home for any reason until the fire department says that it is safe. Discourage anyone from going back into the burning building to attempt to rescue people or pets or retrieve possessions.

Teach Your Children What To Do in a Fire

Have each child in your household know how to call the 911 emergency phone number. Escape first and then call the 911 emergency phone number from a neighbor's house or cell phone.

Too often after a fire, bodies of children are found in closets or under beds where they tried to hide.  Fire and smoke are frightening, and the impulse to hide from them is natural. You must teach your children that they must escape from a fire and never hide.

It is best if each child knows how to escape in case of fire as soon as he or she is able to do so.

Tips to Remember:

  • Practice your escape plan at least twice a year.
  • Try an unannounced drill to make the experience as realistic as possible.
  • Make sure everyone in your home knows the sound of your smoke alarm.
  • In a real fire, you must be prepared to move quickly, carefully and calmly. Don't let your exit drill become a race.
  • Make sure everyone knows exactly what to do. Don't run.
  • Vary your drill by pretending some escape routes are blocked.
  • Since the majority of fatal home fires start when people are asleep, practice your escape plan by having each member of your household wait in his or her sleeping area for the monitor to sound the alarm.
  • Start by coaching your children, but remember that your goal is to teach them to escape without your help.